Training For Measurement of Nutritional Content, Nutritional Adequacy, Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load of Malang Raya Popular Foods

  • Nurul Hakimah Poltekkes Kemenkes Malang
  • Theresia Puspita
  • Sutomo Rum Teguh K Poltekkes Kemenkes Malang


The number of people with diabetes mellitus (DM) in Indonesia is increasing every year. The proportion in Indoensia is 6,9%, and the precvalence in Malang is 2,3%. Malang as the second largest city in East Java Provice, has geographical conditions, cool weather, and has its own charm. Many popular foods in the Malang Raya area are also traditional Indonesians foods that are rich in taste and color, favored by the community, both as residents and tourits, including : Fried Rice, Grilled Fish, Fried Tofu, Steamed Vegetables, Ice Cream, and Es Teler. This traditional food, which is popular in Malang, has never been measured for its nutrional content, and adequacy, as well as the size of the glycemic index, and glycemic load. The information is needed on the nutritional content, nutritional adequacy, glycemic index, and glycemic load of popular foods to measure the appropriate portion size, as the main health parameters related to DM.

The form of community service is given to nutrition alumni of the health polytechnic through training activities related to measurement of nutritional content, glycemic index, and glycemic load of popular foods in Malang Raya, so that later they can assits government efforts in labeling and giving great suggestions for serving, as a form of dissemination, and understanding of foods that meet nutritional content, as well as the value of the glycemic index, and glycemic load are needed in controlling the glycemic response to prevent, and delay the development  of complications of DM in the community.

The training was carried out in four sessions with the target of nutrition alumni who met the age criteria under 30 years old, had never worked, to increase their knowledge, skills, and confidence in providing KIE to food producing communities. The results of the training showed a significant increase in the knowledge, and skills of nutrition alumni in each session, and gave them better motivation, and self confidens. The next activity is to train them in providing counseling to popular food producers.


American Diabetes Association (ADA). 2008. Nutrition Recommendations and Interventions for Diabetes. Diabetes Care. Jan; 31(Supplement 1): S61-S78. Diakses pada 3 September 2016.
American Diabetes Association (ADA). 2013. Nutrition Therapy Recommendations for the Management of Adults With Diabetes. Diabetes Care 2013 Nov; 36(11): 3821-3842.
Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI Tahun 2013. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2013.
Brouns F, I. Bjorck, K. N. Frayn, A. L. Gibbs, V. Lang, G. Slama and T. M. S. Wolever. 2005. Glycaemic index methodology. Nutrition Research Reviews. 18, 145–171. DOI:10.1079/NRR2005100.
Giacco, Ferdinando and Brownlee, Michael. 2010. Oxidative Stress and Diabetic Complications. Circulation Research. American Heart Association, Inc.
Hamdy, Osama and Campbell, Amy. 2016. Diet and Diabetes : A Personalized Approach. Joslin Diabetes Center. Boston, MA 02215.
Kementerian Kesehatan RI. 2009. Tahun 2030 Prevalensi Diabetes Melitus Di Indonesia Mencapai 21,3 Juta Orang. Diabetes Care, Volume 27, Number 5, May 2009.
Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Pusat Data dan Informasi. 2014. Situasi dan Analisis Diabetes.
Natahadibrata, Nadya. 2014. "Celebratory rice cone dish to represent the archipelago". The Jakarta Post.
Omics International. 2014. Indonesian Cuisine. Diakses pada 28 Juni 2016.
SBS Food. "About Indonesian food". 2008. SBS Australia. Diakses 6 September 2013.
Soegondo, Sidartawan dan Soewondo, Pradana dan Subekti, Imam. 2015. Penatalaksanaan Diabetes Melitus Terpadu. Edisi Kedua. Cetakan ke-10. Jakarta : FKUI.
Soewondo, Pradana and Ferrario, Alessandra and Tahapary, Dicky Levenus. 2013. Challenges in Diabetes Management in Indonesia. Global Health. 9: 63. Published online 2013 Dec 3. doi : 10.1186/17448603963. PMCID: PMC3901560.
Tandra, Hans. 2015. Diabetes Bisa Sembuh. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Tim Info Tempo. (14-20 Mei 2018). "Menolak Lupa Jajanan Pasar". Tempo. Jakarta: Tempo Media Grup. Diakses 17 September 2020.
The Lancet. 2016. Worldwide trends in diabetes since 1980: a pooled analysis of 751 population-based studies with 4•4 million participants. NCD Risk Factor Collaboration. Open Access article distributed under the terms of CC By. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Volume 387 No. 10027. p1513-1530.
How to Cite
HAKIMAH, Nurul; PUSPITA, Theresia; TEGUH K, Sutomo Rum. Training For Measurement of Nutritional Content, Nutritional Adequacy, Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load of Malang Raya Popular Foods. Jurnal IDAMAN (Induk Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Pedesaan), [S.l.], v. 5, n. 2, p. 111-121, oct. 2021. ISSN 2613-9383. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 04 july 2022. doi:
Array ( )