Nalyze The Selfcare Model Based on Health Belief Model for Hypertention Patients Aged 45 To and Above In Malang

  • Susi Milwati POLTEKES Malang
  • Joko Pitoyo Poltekkes Kemenkes Malang


Hypertension is the most common cause of cardiovascular disease. Hypertension at the Mojolangu Health Center is in the top three based on patient visits. The purpose of this study was to analyze the Selfcare Model Based on Health Belief Model for Hypertension Patients aged 45 to and above in Malang City. The design used analytic survey with cross sectional approach, the sampling technique used was pruporsive sampling with a total sample of 140. The simple care variables were: values and attitudes, self-efficacy, social support. HBM variables are: vulnerability, severity, benefits, behavioral barriers and motivation. Statistical analysis using data processing techniques used is the CB-SEM method or Covariance Based SEM (CB-SEM), where CB-SEM is more intended as a method to confirm theory. The software used for CB-SEM processing is AMOS. The research found that the biggest total effect was from the variable self-care validation on motivation, which was 0.704, then the direct effect of the self-care validation on the benefits was 0.615, the smallest direct effect of value and attitude on severity was 0.011. This study recommends increasing HBM by paying attention to education and age so that self-care management can be better.


Aleali, A. M., Mahmoud, S., Rashidi, H., Payami, S. P., & Sabet, A. (2017). Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome?: Clinical Research & Reviews Prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension in adolescence in, 12–15.
Alcorn SR, Balboni MJ, Prigerson HG, et al. ‘‘If God wanted me yesterday, I wouldn’t be here today’’: religious and spiritual themes in patients’ experiences of advanced cancer. J Palliat Med 2010;13:581e588.
Batey, D. M., Kaufmann, P. G., Raczynski, J. M., Hollis, J. F., Murphy, J. K., Rosner, B., Corrigan, S. A., Rappaport, N. B., Danielson, E. M., Lasser, N. L., et al. (2000). Stress management intervension for primary prevention of hypertension : detailed results from phase I of trials of hypertension prevention (TOHP-1). AEP, 10 (1), 45 - 58
Bell, K., Twiggs, J., & Olin, B. R. (2015). Hypertension?: The Silent Killer?: Updated JNC-8 Guideline Recommendations. Alabama Pharmacy Association. Sitasi 5 Pebruari 2018
Cameron, L.D. & Leventhal, H. (2003): Self-regulation, health and illness: An overview. In L.D.
Carver, C. S. (2013). COPE Inventory : Measurement Instrument Database for the Social Science. Retrieved from www.midss.le
Diaz, N., Horton, G., McIlveen, J., Weiner, M., & Williams, L.(2011).Spirituality, religiosity and depressive symptoms among individuals in substance-abuse treatment. Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought, 30, 71–87.
Fuladvandi, M., Safarpour, H., Malekyan, L., Moayedi, S., Mahani, M. A., & Salimi, E. (2017). The Survey of Self-Regulation Behaviors and Related Factors in Elderly with Hypertension in South-East of Iran, Health.592– 600.
Huang, G., Xu, J., Zhang, T., & Li, Q. (2017).Prevalence , awareness , treatment , and control of hypertension among very elderly Chinese?: results of a community- based study. Journal of the American Society of Hypertension, 11(8), 503– 512.e2.
Mullan, B., Wong, C., Allom, V., & Pack, S. L. (2011).The role of executive function in bridging the intention–behaviour gap for binge-drinking in university students. Addictive Behaviors, 36, 1023–1026.
Nursalam. (2015). Metodologi Penelitian Ilmu Keperawatan : Pendekatan Praktis.
Edisi 4.Jakarta : Salemba
Saad, A. M. J., Younes, Z. M. H., Ahmed, H., Brown, J. A., Al, R. M., & Hassoun, A.
A. K. (2017). Self-efficacy , self-care and glycemic control in Saudi Arabian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus?: A cross-sectional survey. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 137, 28–36.
Selman L, Harding R, Gysels M, Speck P, Higginson IJ. The measurement of spirituality in palliative care and the content of tools validated cross-culturally: a systematic review. J Pain Symptom Manage 2011;414:728e753.
Selman, L., Cert, P. G., & Care, P. (2011). The Measurement of Spirituality in Palliative Care and the Content of Tools Validated Cross-Culturally?: A Systematic Review. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 41(4), 728–753.
Shafi, S. T., & Shafi, T. (2017). Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health A survey of hypertension prevalence , awareness, treatment, and control in health screening camps of rural central Punjab, Pakistan. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 7(2), 135–140.
Shrout, T., Rudy, D. W., & Piascik, M. T. (2017). Hypertension update , JNC8 and beyond. Current Opinion in Pharmacology, 33, 41–46.
Steinhauser, K. E., Fitchett, G., Handzo, G. F., Johnson, K. S., Koenig, H. G., Pargament, K. I., … Balboni, T. A. (2017). State of the Science of Spirituality and Palliative Care Research Part I?: Definitions , Measurement , and Outcomes. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 54(3), 428–440.
Stephenson PS, Berry DM. Describing spirituality at the end of life. West J Nurs Res 2015;37:1229e1247.
How to Cite
MILWATI, Susi; PITOYO, Joko. Nalyze The Selfcare Model Based on Health Belief Model for Hypertention Patients Aged 45 To and Above In Malang. Jurnal IDAMAN (Induk Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Pedesaan), [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 43 - 54, apr. 2021. ISSN 2613-9383. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 17 jan. 2022. doi: - 54.
Array ( )