Ability To Detect And First Aid Hypoglycaemia At Home In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

  • Hanifah Catur Siswanto Poltekkes Kemenkes Malang
  • Dewi Rachmawati Poltekkes Kemenkes Malang

Abstract

Hypoglycemia is an acute complication of diabetes mellitus patients that can occur repeatedly and can aggravate diabetes mellitus and even cause death. For this reason, first aid is needed to prevent death. This study aims to determine the ability to detect and first aid hypoglycemia at home in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The research design used in this study is descriptive quantitative, with purposive sampling technique with a total of 30 respondents. The inclusion criteria are patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who undergo both oral and insulin therapy. Data collection was carried out on April 03 - April 20, 2024. The research instrument used by giving a hypoglycemia detection ability questionnaire sheet consists of 5 knowledge questions, 4 attitude questions, 5 action questions, with an assessment of correct answers 1 and wrong answers 0. Then it is presented and categorized as very high (90-100), high (80-89), medium (65-79), low (55-64), and very low (0-54). The results showed that the ability of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with very high ability was 37%, high ability was 23%, and moderate ability was 40%. This study concluded that age, education, knowledge, and duration of diabetes mellitus can affect a person in detecting and first aid for hypoglycemia at home. From the results of this study on the ability to detect type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, it can be a study material and provide information for puskesmas in formulating plans as education on signs and symptoms, handling, and prevention of hypoglycemia through prolanis and posbindu PTM activities.

Published
2024-06-28
How to Cite
SISWANTO, Hanifah Catur; RACHMAWATI, Dewi. Ability To Detect And First Aid Hypoglycaemia At Home In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Health Access Journal, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 2, p. 62-70, june 2024. ISSN 3047-4582. Available at: <https://ojs.poltekkes-malang.ac.id/index.php/HAJ/article/view/4618>. Date accessed: 23 july 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.31290/haj.v1i2.4618.
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