Breakfast-Eating Habit And Nutrients Intake With Hemoglobin Level Among University Female Students

  • Carissa Cerdasari Poltekkes Kemenkes Malang

Abstract

Anemia, characterized by low hemoglobin (Hb) level in woman, including female students, is still a nutritional problem in Indonesia. If it is not immediately treated, anemia can trigger other nutritional problems in mother, infants, and children. This observational cross-sectional study aimed to analyze the relationship between breakfast-eating habits and nutrient intake with hemoglobin level in female students, involving 60 samples, which were selected using purposive sampling. Hb levels were measured using the cyanmethemoglobin method, breakfast-eating habit collected by questionnaire, and nutrients intake was measured using a 3x24 hour food recall. T and Mann-Whitney test were used to analyze the data. There was no relationship (p>0.05) between breakfast habits (p=0.22), intake of energy (p=0.52), protein (0.96), iron (p=0,25), vitamin A (p=0,05), folic acid (p=0,30), vitamin B12 (p=0,62), and vitamin C (p=0,26) with Hb level. Although it did not show a significant relationship, there was a tendency for higher intake of energy, iron, and vitamin C in students with normal Hb levels. The lack of relationship between breakfast habits and nutrient intake with Hb levels may indicate other factor that affect female students’ Hb levels.

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Published
2022-03-22
How to Cite
CERDASARI, Carissa. Breakfast-Eating Habit And Nutrients Intake With Hemoglobin Level Among University Female Students. Jurnal Pendidikan Kesehatan, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 1, p. 17-25, mar. 2022. ISSN 2442-7993. Available at: <https://ojs.poltekkes-malang.ac.id/index.php/jpk/article/view/3029>. Date accessed: 05 oct. 2022.
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