An Effect of Giving Snakehead Fish Extract ( Channa striata ) on Albumin, Neutrophil, and Lymphocyte Levels in Hypoalbuminemia Patients

Effect of Giving Snakehead Fish Extract on Immunity indicators

  • Annasari Mustafa

Abstract

Background : Hypoalbuminemia is a condition where the albumin level in the blood falls below normal. Hypoalbuminemia is known as a marker of protein energy malnutrition, inflammation, infection, liver disease, kidney disease and postoperative stress. In Indonesia, malnutrition hospital data shows 40-50% of patients have hypoalbuminemia or are at risk of hypoalbuminemia, 12% of them are severe hypoalbuminemia, and the hospitalization period for patients with hospital malnutrition shows 90% longer than patients with good nutrition. Decreased albumin levels can be associated with a decrease in the immune system and slow healing of tissues/wounds due to infection. Neutrophils and lymphocytes whose numbers increase when inflammation occurs. Oral administration of high protein with snakehead fish extract ( Channa striata ) is an alternative treatment for hypoalbuminemia. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of snakehead fish extract (Channa striata) on albumin, neutrophil, and lymphocyte levels in hypoalbuminemic patients. Method: Articles are compiled using a systematic method literature review , involving national and international journals by taking journals through Google scholar, Pubmed, Research Gate, Scient direct. Results: There was an effect of giving snakehead fish extract on albumin levels, neutrophil values, and lymphocyte values in hypoalbuinemic patients and experimental animals. Conclusion: The content of amino acids, albumin, Zn, Fe, Cu and unsaturated fatty acids in snakehead fish ( Ophiocephalus striatus) is quite effective as an effort to increase albumin levels, decrease neutrophil and lymphocyte values when inflammation occurs in hypoalbuminemic patients.


 


Keywords: Channa striata extract , Albumin, Neutrophils, Lymphocytes, Hypoalbuminemia

Published
2023-11-07
How to Cite
MUSTAFA, Annasari. An Effect of Giving Snakehead Fish Extract ( Channa striata ) on Albumin, Neutrophil, and Lymphocyte Levels in Hypoalbuminemia Patients. Journal of Local Therapy, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 2, p. 66-72, nov. 2023. ISSN 2810-0875. Available at: <https://ojs.poltekkes-malang.ac.id/index.php/JLT/article/view/3458>. Date accessed: 23 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.31290/jlt.v2i2.3458.