Effectiveness of Giving Counseling about DASH Diet toward Intake of Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Physical Activities, and Blood Pressure Hypertension Patients
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a condition in which blood vessels constantly experience increased pressure. Hypertension still occupies the 10th category of the leading causes of death in Indonesia with a mortality rate of 42,000. According to the results of the 2013 Riskesdas, the prevalence of hypertension in Indonesia is quite high at 25.8% (Health Research and Development Agency, 2013). Management of hypertension can be done one of them by non-pharmacological methods. Some ways to do non-pharmacological treatment according to Sudjaswandi et al (2003) are controlling diet, reducing salt intake, increasing consumption of potassium and magnesium, and carrying out physical activities that are regulated in applying the DASH diet. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of counseling on the DASH diet on sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, physical activity, and blood pressure in outpatient hypertension patients at the Tk Hospital. II dr. Soepraoen Malang. This type of research is quasy experiment with a total sample of 20 respondents. Data was collected by taking data on sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, physical activity, and blood pressure, then analyzed using Paired t-Test and Independent t-Test. The results showed that nutritional counseling about the DASH diet was more effective for use in increasing potassium and calcium intake in hypertensive patients with a significance level (p 00 0.005), but the Low Salt Diet was more effective in reducing sodium intake, magnesium intake, physical activity and pressure There was no change in blood between the two types of intervention with a significance level (p> 0.005).